July - December 2007

Japan Will Make Global Health a Priority of Its G8 Presidency
26 November 2007 - All Headline News.com
In anticipation of Japan's hosting of a G8 Summit in 2008, Foreign Minister Masahiko Komura said that  his nation will make global health a priority for the group of industrialized nations. Komura spoke of this priority in the context of the UN's Millennium Development goals, which call for a reduction in global disease, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
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Former British Prime Minister Blair Calls on U.S. and EU To Engage with China
International Herald Tribune - 5 November 2007
In a speech to the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce, former British Prime Minister and current special envoy to the Middle East Tony Blair said that international agreement on a wide variety of issues - climate change, terrorism, and trade talks - depends on agreement among the United States, China, and the European Union. Each side has an interest in ensuring that there is a follow-up agreement to the Kyoto Climate Change pact, due to expire. China had been reluctant to agree to a climate change pact, stating that it would unduly burden its growing economy. The United States used the same argument when it did not ratify Kyoto in 1998. Now, however, Blair believes that the time is right for all sides to join a global consensus for a new agreement: "Global problems need global politics to solve them; that's climate change, terrorism and also world trade talks."
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Op-Ed Discusses the New Relationship between the United States and Europe
Stephen F. Szabo, "Is There a West?"
The Globalist - 29 October 2007
Professor Szabo argues that, since the end of the Cold War, the concept of Atlanticism - a strong relationship between the United States and Western Europe based on cultural affinity and strategic interest - has shifted. Without the Cold War threat of Soviet domination, there is no overriding strategic threat which could closely bind these two halves. The proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and the rise of terrorism are strategic threats which are seen differently on both sides of the Atlantic. However, there remains a strong basis for cooperation, because the West remains a community based on common values. Strong leadership on both sides will be able to fashion a coherent response to new challenges. It is imperative for the United States, Szabo writes, to forge a partnership with the European Union. He concludes: "Yet, if the new U.S. leadership does not recreate a new global partnership with Europe based on a more balanced relationship across the Atlantic, then the West will split into at least two Wests — to the detriment of both."
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Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs R. Nicholas Burns delivers Speech to the American University of Paris on Franco-American Alliance
"The U.S. & France: Renewal of an Enduring Alliance"
New Zealand Scoop - 3 November 2007
In this speech, Burns celebrates the warming of relations between France and the United States, which many commentators date to the election of the pro-American French President Nicolas Sarkozy. Here, Burns argues that the relationship between two of the oldest democracies must continue to work together. He foresees that a strong France will help the United States, both in NATO and the European Union. He welcomes French training of Afghan forces, their support for a two-state solution of the Israel-Palestine crisis, initiatives to combat climate change, and several other pressing foreign policy issues. He concluded with an upbeat call for closer cooperation: "Let's keep working together. This is the spirit which has sustained our alliance for two centuries, and that will continue to motivate and guide us for the years and decades to come."
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Kurt Volker, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, Speaks on the Transatlantic Alliance
"The Transatlantic Community and Two Great Challenges" 18 October 2007 - Remarks at the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia
Kurt Volker, in addressing the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia, stressed the need for Europe and the United States to continue to work together. The relationship must be based on the common democratic heritage. The two specific issues which European-American unity must address are terrorism, and how to sustain economic growth while at the same time protecting the environment and combating climate change. In facing terrorism, Volker believes that the greatest strength of the Transatlantic Community is its desire for open societies, where ideologies that promote violence have no place. In order to combat the latter, more all-encompassing threat, the United States and Europe must focus on the promise of new technologies to grow clean economies. Volker said that despite the differences between societies on both sides of the Atlantic, "Today, Europe and the United States form a single, transatlantic democratic community based on shared values, common challenges, and need for common responses."
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EU Ambassador to the United States Sees Progress in Strengthening Trans-Atlantic Relationship
17 October 2007 - Ireland.com
In a speech to the National Forum on Europe in Dublin, Ireland, EU Ambassador the United States John Bruton said he was optimistic about the the ability of the United States and Europe to build a stronger relationship. He did cite two areas which could cause much future trouble: climate change and farm policy (which directly effects the Doha Round of WTO trade talks.
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An Enduring Peace Built on Freedom: Securing America's Future
John McCain, Foreign Affairs, November/December 2007
Republican Candidate John McCain Stresses Importance of the Transatlantic Alliance
Republican Presidential primary candidate, Senator John McCain, made the case for his foreign policy vision in an article for the journal Foreign Affairs. In it, he stresses the past and future importance of the Transatlantic Alliance. He argues that in order to mend the fraying of U.S. relations in Europe over the past decade, the United States must embrace a stronger European Union. This will allow closer cooperation on the wide-range of issues affecting both sides of the alliance: energy policy, a common economic market, climate change, foreign assistance, and the international promotion of democracy. He underscored this priority by saying: "More broadly, America needs to revive the democratic solidarity that united the West during the Cold War. We cannot build an enduring peace based on freedom by ourselves." (Read More).

The Rise of a New Atlanticism
4 October 2007 - Viola Herms Drath for the Washington Times
European leaders are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of a transatlantic approach to global problems such as terrorism. This new turn of events is being supported by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who pushed for a transatlantic agenda at the U.S.-EU summit. Much remains to be done, Drath argues, including the creation of a "Trans-Atlantic Political Council" which will facilitate trans-Atlantic dialogue on defense, foreign policy, and other vital issues
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Sir Jeremy Greenstock, "We Must Learn from Our Mistakes"
6 September 2007 - The New Statesman
The British diplomat - former UK Ambassador to the United Nations and UK Special Envoy to Iraq - editorializes about the future of the United Kingdom's relationship with the U.S. and the EU. He argues for a better understanding of the new transnational threats; the transatlantic alliances are still in a mindset which is focused on the conventional wars of the 20th Century. He calls for upgraded and more encompassing common transatlantic structures:
"A further effort is now needed, with the initiative taken on the EU side, to get effective transatlantic machinery in place for the incoming US administration in 2009. The UK should argue for a much more efficient and permanent structure at senior official level to underpin the twice-yearly EU-US summits." (Read More)

"Bridging the Gap: Is Anti-Americanism Over in Europe?"
September 10, 2007 - Stryker McGuire for Newsweek International
A feature article in the International Edition of Newsweek documents what author Stryker McGuire calls a "New Atlanticism": a renaissance of relations between the U.S. and the EU marked by the accession of pro-American politicians like French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Among the factors behind the change is the desire for closer economic cooperation in the face of rising competition with China and India. Also encouraging, especially from a European perspective, is the U.S. desire to tackle climate change issues. Among the confidence-builders is a more multilateral tone taken by Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice. Says Assistant Secretary of State Daniel Fried:
"She [the Secretary] has made clear that we - the core democratic nations of the world - are better off tackling key issues together than on our own. And she has made clear that multilateral approaches - the U.N. where possible, NATO, and the U.S. with the EU - are options of choice,
not last resort."
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Europeans Debate President Sarkozy's Mediterranean Union
August 13, 2007
Newly-elected French President Nicolas Sarkozy's call for the creation of a Mediterranean Union - encompassing both European and North African nations - has elicited much conversation about the aims of such an organization. Much focus has centered on whether this is a move to pre-empt the accession of Turkey to full EU member status. Sarkozy repeatedly stated during the President Campaign that he was opposed to Turkey's membership in the EU, which is currently in negotiations which are expected to take up to a decade to finalize. One of President Sarkozy's supporters of this initiatvie - Spain - stated that such a Mediterranean Union would have to work side-by-side with Turkey's eventual acceptance into the European framework. From its own standpoint, Turkey has cautiously welcomed the initiatve, stating that it would welcome further discussion but that nothing should stand in the way of its decades-long quest to be a full member of the European Union.
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