Federalist Documents

The Constitution of the United States of America

The Text of the Constitution

The Albany Plan of the Union, 1754

The Federalist Papers


Aristide Briand

Briand Memorandum (May 1930)

Altiero Spinelli

The Ventotene Manifesto (1941- 44) Towards a free and united Europe - a draft manifesto

The Ventotene Manifesto, whose full title is "For a Free and United Europe. A draft manifesto", was drawn up by Altiero Spinelli and by Emesto Rossi (who wrote the first part of the third chapter) in 1941 when they were both interned on the island of Ventotene. After being distributed in mimeographed form, a clandestine edition of the Manifesto appeared in Rome in January 1944. The present text was edited by the Società Anonima Poligrafica Italiana and presented by the Edizioni del Movimento Italiano per la Federazione Europea (i.e. Publications of the Italian Movement for the European Federation). This edition is based on the 1944 edition which Spinelli stated was "the authentic and precise text". Translated from the original Italian by Anthony Baldry.

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